Very similar to being struck by lightning (or so I think about), the sudden realization hit me a few years in the past that I’m not only a hashish grower, I’m additionally a trichome farmer.
Trichomes are tiny appendages that develop from the floor of many plant species. Cannabis growers check with trichomes as resin glands, they usually’re the first plant construction that produces and shops cannabinoids, terpenoids and flavonoids.
There are three kinds of hashish trichomes: bulbous, capitate-sessile and capitate-stalked. Of those, capitate-stalked are the trichomes notably admired in hashish macrophotography. They have a tendency to resemble a transparent golf tee with a spherical, clean, translucent golf ball on prime.
Most growers measure harvest success when it comes to bud weight, however I’ve come to consider that an equally helpful measure of success is the ratio of trichomes to bud floor space. The extra cannabinoids, terpenoids and flavonoids your crop produces, the extra invaluable your harvests are, particularly in case your intention is to supply hashish concentrates.
I first noticed the truth of trichome weight versus bud weight once I was vaporizing buds from totally different strains that had been lately harvested, dried and cured.
Vaporizing on the similar temperature and utilizing a gram of bud for every check, I observed that some strains delivered 10–20 inhalations of thick vapor, plus a killer excessive, whereas the identical weight quantity of bud from one other pressure offered far much less vapor and a much less intense excessive.
The buds had been dried and cured uniformly, with 64-percent relative humidity contained in the chrome steel storage container of every pressure, so it wasn’t variant moisture content material that created the vapor quantity variations.
I received out my magnifying gadget and examined buds from the totally different strains as I carried out my vape checks. It turned apparent that buds from my custom-made Gorilla Glue crosses have been lavishly loaded with resin glands in comparison with the opposite strains. Extra resin glands per gram of bud equals extra vapor for longer — it was that straightforward.
Armed with this data, I found out some delicate but highly effective implications for my hashish rising, consuming and processing. As an example, as an alternative of eager to develop the most important, heaviest buds, I now needed to develop the most important buds that produced probably the most resin glands per bud.
I refocused my pressure choice and breeding decisions on cultivars that gave me probably the most resin glands on the buds I tended in my develop op.
I’d lengthy been utilizing numerous phenotypes of Gorilla Glue as pollen donors to breed with feminine crops of my favourite strains that aren’t essentially recognized for intense resin manufacturing. Most sativa-dominant strains have fewer glands with smaller resin heads. By breeding sativa strains with Gorilla Glue, I obtained the most effective of each worlds: A sativa excessive and buds crowded with resin glands.
Battle Of The Icons: Tremendous Glue Vs. THC Goo
Discovering genuine Gorilla Glue hashish cultivars as clones or as seeds is troublesome. The origins of this pressure have been the topic of intense debate, however many growers agree that hashish breeder Joesy Whales and his associate Lone Watie originated the pressure’s foundational lineage accidentally, when hermaphroditic pollination created seeds from an unintended cross of Chem’s Sister (also called Chem Sis) and Bitter Dubb.
The gossip surrounding Gorilla Glue consists of debates about which model of the pressure (Unique or #four, for instance) is the archetype, whether or not a Chocolate Diesel pressure was concerned within the breeding course of, and whether or not the hashish business ought to use the identify “Gorilla Glue” in any respect.
Certainly, in March 2017, the producer of the polyurethane adhesive Gorilla Glue filed a lawsuit towards Whales and his seed firm GG Strains within the US District Courtroom for the Southern District of Ohio. The lawsuit accuses Whales and firm of trademark infringement, dilution and unfair competitors.
In accordance with courtroom data, Gorilla Glue, Inc. and GG Strains settled the trademark infringement, with GG Strains agreeing to part out the identify of its Gorilla Glue pressure collection, in addition to using any gorilla imagery, verbiage or similarities in its branding by September 2018. GG Strains has indicated that the names GG1, GG4 and so forth might be substituted for the earlier naming conference.
Whereas the settlement between GG Strains and Gorilla Glue, Inc. doesn’t essentially dictate that the various different seed corporations and dispensaries utilizing the identify Gorilla Glue should additionally cease utilizing the identify, what it does imply for growers is that now’s the time to acquire genuine Gorilla Glue seeds and clones earlier than it’s too late — however this isn’t a simple activity.
Cannabis seeds reseller Seedsman gives a number of totally different Gorilla Glue strains from quite a lot of breeders. These specific strains have grown out to be coated in sticky resin and seem to have the opposite main traits of the legendary Gorilla Glue lineage. However watch out for different breeders providing so-called Gorilla Glue strains — these are possible not the actual deal.
I’ve spent a whole lot of time tending to Gorilla Glue crops as a result of, after rising and scrutinizing tons of of strains, genuine Gorilla Glue has the densest proportion of resin glands I’ve ever seen. Runners-up embrace Hash Plant and White Widow, however Gorilla Glue out-resins all of them.
Once I’ve processed buds from dozens of strains to make such concentrates as dry sift, bubble hash, kief and rosin, it shortly turns into obvious that Gorilla Glue provides me extra resins per bud, and bigger resin heads than these of another pressure I’ve grown. There are sometimes so many resin glands current on this pressure which you could hardly see any bud leaf floor in any respect, and the buds seem like they’ve a white cloud on them. Massive resin heads are usually probably the most helpful resin glands, whereas smaller resin heads are sometimes immature, with lesser high quality cannabinoid, flavonoid and terpenoid content material.
Measuring Your Success As A Trichome Farmer
Together with a visible examination to find out which strains are producing probably the most resin glands, processing buds into concentrates is one other helpful solution to measure resin gland percentages per ounce of bud.
Processing equivalent bud weight from totally different strains in a Bubble Magic bubble hash extraction machine, Gorilla Glue provides me 15–35 % extra bubble hash per run than some other pressure — even strains whose buds clearly appeared gooey and sticky. Comparable advantages amass once I do dry sift and kief runs with a Pollinator extraction machine.
If you make dry sift, bubble hash and kief utilizing standardized circumstances, you quickly uncover which strains provide the most resin, probably the most resinous glands, and the very best resin proportion per gram of bud. When making bubble hash, true Gorilla Glue delivers buds with a bigger proportion of giant resin heads in comparison with different strains.
In case you have cash to burn, you possibly can rent knowledgeable laboratory that makes use of high-pressure liquid chromatography, fuel chromatography, thin-layer chromatography or supercritical CO2 extraction to offer the exact measurements of particular person cannabinoids, terpenoids and flavonoids in your buds.
This testing might be costly and isn’t all the time sensible, however nonetheless supplies exact knowledge that will help you confirm the relative proportion, quantity, high quality and sort of lively compounds produced by your hashish strains.
Tips And Ideas For Trichome Farmers
Your hashish breeding objectives, alongside together with your develop op objectives and strategies, will possible change if you begin to view your self as a trichome farmer relatively than only a fats bud cultivator.
You’ll not think about bud measurement as the one crop success metric — that’s, if you discover that 5 kilos of buds with decrease quantities of resin ended up producing fewer cannabinoids and lively compounds than have been offered by three.5 kilos of sticky Gorilla Glue or different high-resin strains.
Savvy, trichome-focused hashish cultivators can additional improve resin manufacturing through the use of the highly effective, distinctive complement Bud Issue X. You may additionally attempt Rhino Pores and skin, a potassium silicate complement that instantly feeds and strengthens resin-gland buildings, together with Nirvana, a multipurpose bloom-phase complement that promotes cannabinoid and terpenoid formation.
Ultraviolet radiation within the type of UVB promotes hashish resin formation. Commonplace high-intensity discharge metallic halide and high-pressure sodium bulbs aren’t recognized for producing a lot, if any, UVB radiation. Nevertheless, some high-end LED develop lights are engineered to supply ample quantities of ultraviolet radiation. LED pioneer California LightWorks manufactures a T5 SolarSystem UVB fixture and bulb particularly for late bloom part to extend cannabinoid and terpenoid manufacturing.
Request lighting producers present you a radiation chart displaying the complete spectrum and depth of wavelengths produced by their develop lights. And keep in mind, when utilizing high-UV lights in your develop op, all the time take care to defend your eyes and pores and skin from the dangerous ultraviolet power.
To additional increase cannabinoid and terpenoid manufacturing, make sure you use our proprietary flushing/feeding/lighting program.
You’ll additionally maximize your trichome yield by harvesting on the proper time. A fast rule of thumb is that when at the least 15–20 % of your resin glands have grow to be cloudy, amber, or begin to crumble on the slightest contact, your trichomes have ripened as a lot as they’re going to and it’s time to chop.
After you harvest, protect your trichomes utilizing applicable drying and curing methods, being cautious to not damage the fragile trichome buildings by way of tough dealing with or lighting that’s too intense. Resin glands are extra fragile than eggshells. In the event that they break open, their valuable cannabinoids instantly degrade.
As a devoted trichome farmer who grows hashish for processing into high-value concentrates, you’ll have your work reduce out for you. Nevertheless, since you aren’t retailing buds, you don’t need to manicure, trim or in any other case fear how engaging your buds will look on dispensary cabinets.
Making bubble hash washes contaminants and particles out of your buds, abandoning the trichomes you possibly can gently wash once more utilizing reverse osmosis water to take away all however probably the most microscopic traces of contamination. The trichomes within the dry sift and kief you produce might be cleaner than the buds they got here from.
And whenever you take a pound of bud and extract an oz or two of focus from it, you’ve drastically decreased the quantity of area required to retailer your hashish merchandise, and made your hashish much less odiferous, extra concentrated, extra moveable.
Maybe the primary takeaway right here is that hashish breeders ought to purpose to create strains that give the heaviest harvest weight and the most important quantity of resin glands per gram of bud, moderately than simply counting on yield alone as a measure of success.